Analyzing online safety through app store reviews
After downloading over a hundred thousand reviews of "random chat apps," how to find reports of bullying, racism, and unwanted sexual behavior.
natural language processing text analysis classification reading lots of documents
Readings and links
- Apple says its App Store is ‘a safe and trusted place.’ We found 1,500 reports of unwanted sexual behavior on six apps, some targeting minors., from the Washington Post (be sure to watch the video!)
The Washington Post downloaded over 130,000 reviews of "random chat apps," investigating cases of bullying, racism, and unwanted sexual behavior. Instead of reading each and every review, they used machine learning to tag likely offenders, resulting in uncovering several thousand potential reviews worth reviewing. In the end they found 1,500 reviews that included "uncomfortable sexual situations." As a result of this research, they could make statements like "at least 19 percent of the reviews on ChatLive mentioned unwanted sexual approaches."
This project is very similar to the Takata airbags project. We'll repeat the same sort of steps:
- Obtain the reviews
- Read a sample of reviews, labeling each as "interesting" or not
- Convert the words in each review to features
- Use the features and labels to train a classifier
- Use the classifier on the unread reviews
- Manually read the ones predicted as interesting
This project also introduces the concept of probability or decision functions, where instead of paying attention to the yes/no predicted class we pay attention to the certainty of the prediction.
If you'd like to increase the performance of the classifier, a good first step would be to flag more reviews.
Notebooks, Assignments, and Walkthroughs
Using a website devoted to phone app marketing, we'll download over 50,000 reviews for various apps and save them to a CSV.
Using a small dataset of tagged reviews, can we detect reviews that mention bullying, racism, or unwanted sexual behavior?
Is it okay to "steal" all of those reviews from Apple?
What's the difference between using interesting/not interesting flags compared to the chance of a comment being interesting?
What counts as unwanted sexual behavior or bullying? Find a few examples you feel are borderline.
In line with the last question, many of these being suggestive/bulling or not are either borderline or a personal decision. In the Takata airbags story, the main drive was to find people to interview. In this case, it's writing sentences like "At least 19 percent of the reviews on ChatLive mentioned unwanted sexual approaches." Is there a difference between the two? Compared to the NYT one, should the Washington Post have taken any additional precautions as a result?
How can we test whether our classifier does a good job or not? We spent a lot of time testing in the airbags example, but not here. Is there a difference?